+ 1. Maintenance instruction
- 2. Maintenance
+ 2.1. Cars with petrol engines
- 2.2. Cars with diesel engines
2.2.1. Technical characteristics
2.2.2. Current maintenance
+ 2.2.3. Through 7500 km of run or 6 months
+ 2.2.4. Through 15 000 km of run or 12 months
+ 2.2.5. Through 30 000 km or 2 years
+ 2.2.6. Each 2 years irrespective of run
+ 3. Repair of engines
+ 4. Heating system and ventilation
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of start of the engine
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Coupling
+ 9. Transmissions
+ 10. Main transfer, semi-axes
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 13. Body
+ 14. Body electric equipment
This subsection is intended to help the motorist to prolong car service life, to reduce fuel consumption and oils and to support the car in the best condition.
The general plan of maintenance of the car which follow подазделы, describing operations of maintenance in more detail is provided in subsection.
Carrying out maintenance according to the provided plan of maintenance will provide long and reliable service of the car. This plan of maintenance is full therefore it is recommended to perform all specified operations of maintenance at the appointed time.
At car service you will notice that some operations are better for combining with carrying out other operations as it follows from essence of operations of maintenance, and certain elements are located a row. For example, if you lifted the car for carrying out any operation, elements of system of production of the fulfilled gases can be checked at the same time with check of elements of a suspension bracket or a steering.
Before the beginning of work it is necessary to be prepared for carrying out maintenance. Read all description of operation which you are going to execute, and get necessary tools and spare parts. If you faced a serious problem, address to experts.
If from the very beginning strictly to follow the plan of carrying out maintenance of the car, regularly to check level of various liquids in the car and degree of wear of fast-wearing-out elements, being guided by the instructions provided in this Management, the engine will be in a good working condition, and need for additional repair practically will not be.
Often happens so that the engine works badly because maintenance was irregularly carried out. It especially belongs to the second-hand cars which maintenance neglected. In this case carrying out additional repair work is necessary.
If you consider that the engine is worn-out, check of a compression or check on existence of leaks (cм. subsection 184.108.40.206 and subsection 3.6.4) will provide the valuable information concerning the general condition of the majority of internal elements of the engine. Such check is base for making decision on what amount of works is necessary for engine restoration. If, for example, check of a compression or check on existence of leaks shows that internal elements of the engine are strongly worn-out, carrying out usual operations of the maintenance described in this subsection, cannot improve considerably operation of the engine, and will be only waste of time and money if previously not to carry out an engine partition.
Below the list of operations which are necessary for carrying out to improve operation of the engine is provided:
– clear, check and test the accumulator;
– check a condition and level of engine oil and cooling liquid;
– check a condition and a tension of an auxiliary driving belt (see subsection 220.127.116.11);
– check the air filter and replace it if it is necessary;
– replace the fuel filter;
– check a condition of all hoses and check them on tightness.
If listed above operation will not be rather effective, execute auxiliary operations – all primary operations, plus the following операции:.
– check battery charging system;
– check system of prestarting heating;
– check a power supply system.