Opel Omega

since 1993-1999 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Omega
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Repair of engines
+ 4. Heating system and ventilation
+ 5. Fuel, exhaust systems
+ 6. System of start of the engine
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Coupling
+ 9. Transmissions
+ 10. Main transfer, semi-axes
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 13. Body
- 14. Body electric equipment
   14.1. Technical characteristics
   14.2. Search of a source of malfunction in electric equipment system
   14.3. Safety locks and relay
   14.4. Switches
   14.5. Bulbs (external lighting devices)
   14.6. Bulbs (internal lighting)
   14.7. External lighting devices
   14.8. Adjustment of headlights of head light
   14.9. Instrument guard
   14.10. Elements of an instrument guard
   14.11. Hours / multipurpose display
   14.12. Lighter
   14.13. System of adjustment of xenon headlights
   14.14. Horns of a sound signal
   14.15. Levers of screen wipers
   14.16. Engine, connecting mechanism of a screen wiper of a windscreen
   14.17. Engine of a screen wiper of back glass
   14.18. Washers of wind glass / back glasses / headlights of head light
   14.19. Radio receiver / cassette / CD player
   14.20. Loudspeakers
   14.21. Radio antenna
   14.22. System of the anticreeping alarm system and engine immobilizer
   14.23. System of airbags of safety
   14.24. Elements of system of airbags of safety
   14.25. System elements cruise control
   + 14.26. Electric equipment schemes


14.2. Search of a source of malfunction in electric equipment system

GENERAL INFORMATION

Prevention

Read about precautionary measures in section 6 and in section 14 before the work beginning.

The following tests are intended for check of the main electric chains and they should not be used for check of sensitive electric chains (such as the control system of operation of the engine or anti-blocking system of brakes), especially in case in a chain is the electronic operating block.


The typical electric chain consists of an element of electric equipment, switches, the relay, engines, the safety locks, burned-through crossing points or automatic switches and wires and connections which connect all elements among themselves and connect them to the accumulator and mass of the car.

Before the beginning of check of a faulty chain study the schematic diagram of this chain to understand, it consists of what elements. The source of malfunction can be found quicker if to define, what of elements of this chain work normally. If some elements or chains fail at once, the problem, possibly, consists in the fused safety lock or bad grounding as often one safety lock is responsible for some chains.

Problems with work of system of electric equipment are usually caused by the simple reasons, such as the oxidized or unreliable contacts, the fused safety lock, the fused burned-through crossing point or the faulty relay (the description of operation of check of the relay is given in subsection 14.3). Visually check a condition of all safety locks, wires and connections in a faulty chain before the beginning of check of other elements of this chain.

If you are going to use instrumentations, use schematic diagrams to define, what connections are necessary for checking for failure detection.

The main devices necessary for search of malfunction in a chain of electric equipment, are:

  – the device for verification of schemes or the voltmeter (or a bulb on 12 Volts with connecting wires);
  – a control bulb with the power supply (or the device for check of integrity of chains);
  – an ohmmeter (for resistance measurement);
  – accumulator;
  – щупы with wires;
  – a cap wire, it is desirable with the automatic switch or a safety lock which can be used for check of wires or electric equipment elements.

Before the beginning of search of malfunction with use of the control and measuring equipment study schematic diagrams to define connection points.

For search of unreliable connection or a point of short circuit (usually because of the bad or polluted connection or the damaged isolation) it is possible to shake wires by a hand to see, whether there is a chain out of operation at wire movement. Such way it is possible to find a point with unreliable connection or a point in which there is a short circuit. This method of check can be used along with other tests described below.

Besides the problems connected with bad connection, the electric chain can have two other main malfunctions – gap existence in a chain or short circuit.

The gap in a chain can be caused by a rupture of any wire or absence of connection somewhere in a chain that will prevent a current current. The gap in a chain will cause refusal of any element of electric equipment in work, but will not lead to a peregoraniye of a safety lock of this chain.

The malfunctions connected with short circuit, are caused by short circuit somewhere in a chain that leads to that the current flowing on a chains, begins a leak on other chain and, more often, leaves on weight. Short circuit is usually caused by a rupture of isolation that allows a feeding wire to concern either other wire, or the earthed element, such, as a body. Short circuit leads to a peregoraniye of a safety lock of the corresponding chain.

Before search of a source of malfunction or at carrying out repair in system of electric equipment do not forget that various types of wires have various color.

Search of a rupture of a chain

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. For search of a rupture of a chain connect one of щупов a control bulb to the negative plug of the accumulator or mass of the car.
2. Connect the second щуп to connection in a checked chain, it is desirable located as it is possible closer to the accumulator or a safety lock.
3. Submit tension on a chain. Do not forget that in some chains tension is present only if to turn a key in the ignition lock in a certain situation.
4. If tension is present (about what the lit-up control bulb will testify or voltmeter indications), it means that the part of a chain between connection and the accumulator is serviceable.
5. Continue check of other part of a chain in the same way.
6. When you will find a point where tension is absent, it means that the source of malfunction lies between this point and the last point where tension was present. The majority of problems is caused by bad connection.

Search of short circuit

Loading is elements of electric equipment which consume the electric power, such, as bulbs, engines, heating elements etc.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. For chain check on existence of short circuit in the beginning disconnect chain loading.
2. Remove a safety lock of the corresponding chain and connect a control bulb or the voltmeter to plugs of connection of a safety lock.
3. Submit tension on a chain. Do not forget that in some chains tension is present only if to turn a key in the ignition lock in a certain situation.
4. If tension is present (about what the lit-up control bulb will testify or voltmeter indications), it means that in a chain there is a short circuit.
5. If tension is not present, but the safety lock nevertheless fuses at connection of elements of loading, means, is faulty any of these elements.

Check of reliability of grounding

The negative plug of the accumulator is connected to mass of the car – to metal of an engine / transmission and a car body – and the majority of systems of electric equipment are developed so that only one feeding wire approached to an element of electric equipment, and the current came back through metal of a body of the car. It means that fastening of an element of electric equipment and a body of the car are a part of an electric chain. Therefore the bad or oxidized fastening can be at the bottom of a large number of malfunctions in electric equipment system, from a full exit of a chain out of operation before its unreliable work. In particular, bulbs can dimly burn (especially if other chain using the same grounding) is included, engines (for example, engines of screen wipers or the fan of cooling of a radiator) can slowly work, and inclusion of any chain can influence work of other chain. Notice that on many cars connecting earthing strips between various units of the car are used, for example, between an engine / transmission and a body, usually when between elements there is no metal contact because of use of rubber fastenings etc.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. For check of reliability of grounding disconnect the accumulator and connect one of щупов an ohmmeter to mass of the car.
2. Connect the second щуп to a wire or a point of grounding which is necessary for checking.
3. The resistance registered by an ohmmeter, should equal to zero; if is not present, check connection as follows.
4. If you consider that connection not as it should be, disassemble connection and smooth out to pure metal a contact surface and the plug of a wire or a surface of an earthed element.
5. Remove completely dirt and corrosion traces, then by means of a knife remove a paint coat to receive reliable compound of metal with metal.
6. At assembly reliably fix connection; at installation of the plug of a wire use gear washers between the plug and a body.
7. After connection for prevention of formation of corrosion put on connection a layer of vaseline or silicone greasing.